There is no question that Machu Picchu is one of the most important archaeological sites in the world and taking a tour of Machu Picchu is something you should definitely do at least once. Aside from its stunning beauty and surroundings, it also holds an interesting history. The Inca people were a unique and somewhat mysterious people that built the city, and this article will talk more about the city and its interesting features. Read on to find out a bit more about what we do and don’t know about Machu Picchu.
Why is it so unique
Machu Picchu is the finest example of the power and achievement of the Inca people and it features a citadel built in the 15th century. The citadel itself is known as “the lost city of Machu Picchu” and was completely untouched by the invading Spanish and is the best of the many Inca ruins. The citadel has place to accommodate normal people as well as those of much higher social standing, like an emperor.
One of the most unique parts about the city is its unique architecture, particularly for a people that would have been seen as uncivilised to Europeans of the time. One of the most famous features of the architecture at Machu Picchu (and other Inca sites) is that the buildings are crafted of stone that is fit together without the help of mortar. The stones fit so perfectly that there are actually no gaps where the stones interlock, it isn’t even possible to place a thin knife between them!
The city of Machu Picchu comprises of various homes, temples and palaces. It is unclear what the exact use of the site was, but there are theories that it could have been a place for ceremonies and rituals, or as a military stronghold. One thing is for sure, the Inca people wanted to make it difficult to reach.
An interesting feature of the city is its ability to blend in with its surroundings and how the landscape was worked to benefit the people that would have resided there. For example, there are over 700 Inca terraces that retained soil to promote agriculture. This would have been a major advantage for the Inca people in such an isolated place and they would have easily been able to . These terraces also formed part of complex irrigation system that helped to conserve water, as well as ensuring that erosion did not affect the city.
One of the most mysterious things about the city itself is how exactly it was built, particularly given the lack of metal working and wheel building skills of the Inca people. This is incredible given the terrain that the Incas had to deal with and the sheer weight of the stones that they worked with.